Bridge in Stamford, Lincolnshire

Stamford seen from the meadows

Detail from the Stamford Historian

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People and Property in Medieval Stamford - Updates

Tue, 04/23/2013 - 11:23 -- Chris Davies
Update: 17 September 2012 This note falls into two parts: a) emendations and additional notes to the published text and b) further unpublished title deeds as and when they are located. It will be updated from time to time and the date of the last update will be recorded as above. Burghley House Archives: Items 778-907 pp 359-375 We have been asked to add to the agreed statement on page 359: 'Burghley House Preservation Trust point out that all material from the Burghley House Archives remain the copyright of the Burghley House Preservation Trust, and that the list printed here is a draft list, subject to amendment; and the call numbers are all provisional until archiving work is complete'. We are pleased to make this addition and once again record our gratitude to the Burghley House Preservation Tust and to the staff engaged on the listing and cataloguing for permission to include this interim list in the catalogue to make the work more complete. Alan Rogers. 10 November 2013 These deeds have not been indexed since they are searchable.

PART I EMENDATIONS, ADDITIONS AND NOTES TO THE PUBLISHED DEEDS

page 75
151. E210/148 24 February 1250/l

This text is much damaged; the phrase ‘lying outside the … gate’ may not be accurate; it is possible (but less likely) to read ‘lying beyond the bridge’ [the word read as ‘portam’ may in fact be ‘pontem’].

PART II: FURTHER UNPUBLISHED TITLE DEEDS

The numbers given to these deeds continue from the published title deeds

BRITISH LIBRARY

910 (continued) Pipewell
These notes are additional to items 910.1-7 in the catalogue. The British Library contains several cartularies for Pipewell priory other than the main cartulary BL Stowe 937.

Cotton MS Otho BXIV Pipewell Cartulary

910.8 fol 177
Memorandum that Dom Symon de Pateshill whose body lies interred in the church of the monks of Pipewell gave to Pipewell his houses in Staunford situated in the parish of St Michael.
Walter son of Symon gave one solar with two shops below that solar on the east and the service of two shops which lie beneath the solar on the west
Walter gave one oven (furnum) with its suit situated in the said parish, namely north of the church of Sty John the Baptist. The said oven for many years rendered profit to the church of St Mary but by the lukewarmness and neglect of the monks, the said oven renders nothing.
In the said town a certain woman by name of Margaret once wife of Robert le Seriante gave to the monks the house situated in the parish of St George which afterwards the monks transferred to Beatrice once wife of Walter de Tikencote and her heirs and assigns at fee farm rendering annually in perpetuity 5s silver.

These matters above written, namely de Staunford, consist of 51 charters. The rents in Staunford are valued at 40s.

Add Mss 37022 Pipewell Cartulary

910.9 fol 190

Grant by Margaret once the wife of Robert Servient’ to the monks of Pipewell, with the body of Nicol my brother, of my houses in Stanford which the said Robert gave to me situated in Estgate in pure and perpetual alms to hold freely of all secular services and all exactions etc. save to the chief lord of the town rendering annually 1d and at harvest time 1d
Item on Palm Sunday 4d of which 3½d shall be taken from two neighbouring properties to the south of the said house
In this my donation etc
[see 910.1]

910.10 fol 191
Obligation of Beatrice once the wife of Walter de Tikencot of Stanford: I and my heirs and assigns give to the church of Pipewell and the monks who pray there 5s silver p.a. at the Nativity for the houses which I hold of them in Stanford situated in the parish of St George between the house of Achard de Styendebi (east) and the house which was once of Henry Goldsmith (Aurifabr’) on the south and in the angle of land, which 5s the said monks shall take annually freely of me and my assigns. Warranty and sealing clauses.
This is repeated on folio 285 with additions:

5s from the lands and houses in Stanford which were of Robert le Seriant and Margaret his wife which he gave to us in alms.

Witnesses: Ralph son of Achard (no other names)
[see 910.2-3]

910.11 fol 285

Grant by William de Welton [Weston?] son of Ralph de Welton to Simon de Pateswell [?] for 21 marks of silver which he gave to me all that solar in the parish of St John [sic] in Stanford with two shops under the solar to the east and the service of two shops under the solar to the west which William Talliator holds of me; and my oven (furnum) in the parish of St John to the north of the church, and all that tenement on which the said solar and shops stand
No date or witnesses
[see 910.4]

910.12 fol 286

Grant by Dom de Pateshull to the church and monks of Pipewell for my soul of my house and lands c.p. which were of Dieulacres the Jew (Judeo) son of Samuel de Stanford between the house of William son of Roger de Offinton and the house of Clement Vinetarius, in the parish of St Michael of Stanford which Reiner son of Hugh de Ketene held, in free and perpetual alms, saving to the chief lord of the fee 8d at Ascension and 1d at Harvestwerk for all services.
The ‘chief lord’ in this case appears to be William son of Roger de Offinton
[see 910.5]

910.13 fol 286

Agreement between Dieuslacre son of Samuel the Jew of Stamford of his houses in Stanford at fee farm, as in 910.6

910.13 fol 287

Grant by Walter de Pateshull son of Simon de Pateshull to Pipewell of all that solar and the shops as in 910.7

BELVOIR CASTLE, LEICESTERSHIRE, MUNIMENTS

914 CROXTON CARTULARY
Croxton cartulary is in Belvoir Castle and the material gained from here is published with the agreement of the Duke of Rutland. Peter Foden, archivist at Belvoir, has been very helpful with this material. The cartulary is faded in places and heavily abbreviated – in places, it is in a shorthand of its own; this makes it hard to be certain of its meaning. Since the original is not easily available, I have included the rentals here. According to PRO E36/62, Croxden was the third richest monastery in fifteenth century Stamford after Peterborough and Thorney.

914.1 fol 30-31

a) We have in Stanford by the gift of Herbert le Sergant one messuage in the parish of All Saints, namely that which he bought from Hugh Dunkelyn, in free and perpetual alms saving the services to the lord of the fee of 5½d p.a. at the close of Easter 4d and at the feast of St Peter in chains 1½d.

b) Item, Nicholas son of the said Herbert used to hold the said messuage of us rendering 16d; Walter le Flemanc of the said town had a fine rendering to us 8s p.a. at two terms, namely Wednesday in Easter week 4s and Michaelmas 4s on pain of 2s distraint for late payment; maintenance clause.

c) Item, gift of Robert son of Thomas de Marnham [sic] of one messuage in the parish of St Mary at the bridge in free and perpetual alms saving service to the lord of the fee namely 5d p.a., at Easter 4d and at chains [sic] 1d, rendering to us 15s p.a. at two terms of the year, Easter 7s 6d and Michaelmas 7s 6d on pain of 2s distraint for late payment; clause forbidding alienation to anyone

d) Item, gift of Hugh son of the reeve of Salteby of one messuage in the parish of St Clement in free and perpetual alms saving service to the lord of the fee, which messuage Adam son of Durand of Stanford and Cecilia his wife and their heirs held of us outside the gate of Scoftegate between the house (domum) which Roger de Scheldnietorp holds (south) and the house which Geoffrey and Walter de Branton’[?] hold (north), rendering to us 6s at the four terms of the year, - at the Baptist [sic] 18d, at Michaelmas 18d, at the Nativity 18d, at Easter 18d – paying 5d p.a. for the services of the lord, i.e. Easter 2½d and Michaelmas 2½d. Maintenance as in the charter of Robert de Marham [sic] above.

e) Item the gift of Robert son of Thomas de Marham in Stanford of an annual rent of 12s 4d by the hands of Henry le Marstal of Ketene for a certain tenement which Henry held of him [Robert de Marham] in Stanford. The said Henry de Ketene and Agnes formerly his wife remitted to us all their rights which they had in the said tenements which they bought from Robert de Creton in [sic] Stanford and Emma his wife, held of us by lease of 40 years rendering 14s 4d p.a. at the four terms of the year.

914.2 fol 51d
Rental: including Stanford
Alex le talyur for one messuage 8s – at Easter 4s, at Michaelmas 4s
Robert de Marham one messuage 20d at the Nativity for pittance
Henry le Marsall one messuage 13s 4d for pittance - at the Nativity 40d, at Easter 40d, at the Nativity of St John the Baptist 40s, at Michaelmas 40d
Summa 23s
Adam son of Durand one messuage 6s – at the Nativity of St John the Baptist 18d, Michaelmas 18d, the Nativity 18d, Easter 18d – these 6s received by brother Richard de Tannar for his office because the said messuage he bought by licence of Dom Geoffrey abbot

914.3 fol 61d
Pittance: in the town of Stanford from a certain toft which Robert de Creton holds 14s 4d at the four terms of the year.

914.4 fol 82
Staunford: John Jakson for one messuage and a garden c.p. 26s 8d p.a.
One messuage c.p. formerly in the tenure of William Chaston in le Cheyne lane at 5s p.a.

915 BELVOIR CARTULARY
This cartulary also is in Belvoir Castle; again my thanks are to the Duke of Rutland, his Private Secretary Harvey Proctor and Peter Foden archivist for their generous assistance.

915.1 fol 13
List of property of the priory includes the church of Holy Trinity in Stanford

915.2 fol 85
Letter of Stephen king of England to the bishop of Lincoln; I have granted to Belvoir Priory the church of Holy Trinity and 10 acres of land from my demesne in Stanford in perpetual alms free of all secular exactions.

Witnesses: Richard de Inci[?], Richard de Canville, Alexander de Saucaville

915.3 fol 85 12 June ….
Letter of Margerie dame de Roos to the prior: the church of Holy Trinity in Stanforde is vacant and in your gift by the decease of the parson; we recommend our dear chapeleyn Richard de Cotes to be presented. At our manor of Freston 12 June [no year given]
FRENCH

915.3 fol 85 December 1326
Confirmation: Henry bishop of Lincoln confirms grant of pension in church of Holy Trinity Stanforde; dated at the palace of Stowe ..… Kal January 1326 [this text is obscure]

915.4 fol 85 23 May 1263
Charter concerning the pension of 6s p.a. from the church of Holy Trinity Stanforde payable at the four terms of the year – namely the Nativity of St John the Baptist 18d, Michaelmas 18d, the Nativity 18d, Easter 18d. Mention of Elys Bautre chaplain. Sealed by the prior at Belver 10 Kal June 1263

914.5 fol 85d
Grant by William son of Roger de Offinton to Roger my son for his homage and service of one messuage in Stanforde which I bought from William son of Siward Weeteloc [Werpeloc?] to hold of me and my heirs and assigns free and quit with appurtenances rendering annually for all secular services and exactions at Ascension 8d and at St Peter in chains 1d. Warranty and sealing clauses.

Witnesses: Gervase de Bernak, Geoffrey de Jolioume, Master Symone de Talinton and many others

915.6 fol 85d
Grant by Roger son of William son of Roger de Offinton to the church of Belver and the monks there of my messuage c.p. in Standforde which William son of Roger de Offinton my father bought from William son of Siwarde Weepeloc [sic] and which he gave to me by his charter – to hold to the monks freely and quit of services, rendering by my attorney William son of William de Offinton my brother and his heirs at Ascension 8d and at St Peter in chains 1d in perpetuity free and quit of all exactions.

Witnesses: William chaplain of Talinton, Master Symone de Talintone and many others

915.7 fol 85d
Grant by Alexander son of Alexander de Tikenkote once (quondam) burgess of Stanforde to Master Robert de Redemylde rector of the church of Wythecok for a sum of money paid to me of those houses c.p. situated in the parish of St Michael the Greater, namely in Colgate between the tenement of the abbot and convent of Pipewell west and the tenement of Bartholomew Predicator east to hold to Master Robert, his heirs and assigns free, quit and in heredity; rendering to the king 1d p.a. at Easter and rendering to the other lords their dues and customs at their due terms; rendering to me one gillyflower (clavum gariophili) at Easter for all services and exactions. Warranty and sealing clauses.

Witnesses: James Arketum, Thomas le Rus and others

Note: undated but during the king’s tenure of Stamford 1240-1263

915.8 fol 85d
Grant and quitclaim by Robert rector of the church of Redmild for the health of my soul and the souls of my ancestors to the church of St Mary de Beuver and the monks there of one messuage in Stanforde which I held in Colgate in fee of those religious, in free and pure alms in perpetuity. Sealing clause.

Witnesses: Hugh Bunting bailiff of Stanforde, John de Fleming of Stanforde, Hugh de Tikincote and others

915.9 fol 103

List of property of Belvoir Priory
Stanforde: The church of Holy Trinity pension of 6s at four terms of the year
Anegeia [?] the Jewess (Judea) one messuage in Colgate 2s at four terms of the year
Two shops (scopie) in the street of the leatherworkers (vico alutariorum) 15s p.a. at the four terms of the year.

There are at Belvoir cartularies for Ouston priory and Newstead priory, both of which houses held property in Stamford; there may be copies of title deeds in these cartularies.

916 HMC Rutland Report IV 1905, page 12, notes on records at Belvoir Castle include the following deed, probably from the Ouston cartulary:

Grant by William de Colevilla for the health of the souls of myself, my wife and successors to the church and canons of St Andrew of Osolveston [Ouston] in free and perpetual alms, of a mill in Muston free of all exactions saving an annual rent of one mark to the nuns of St Michael of Stamford at Michaelmas, which mark my father William de Coleville gave to the nuns. Sealing clause.

Witnesses: Roger de alneto, William de Amundeville, Richard de Brant, Ralph pisce, Simon de Blia, Henry the Great (magno), Geoffrey de Perfite, Ranulph de Villi, Geoffrey clerk

917 LAMBETH PALACE LIBRARY

Arches Ff291 includes A CARTULARY OF FINESHADE
The following items are heavily abbreviated and they show signs of internal inconsistencies, often referring to the same property with the terms of houses and house.

917.1 fol 23d Staunford [In the parish of St Mary at the bridge]

1. Prima carta de Stanforde contains the grant of houses and rents in the parish of St Mary at the bridge by the gift of (Alexander de Qappelode ins), namely half a mark p.a. in perpetuity from the houses of Alexander de Qappelode situated in the parish of St Mary at the bridge for the pittance [of the abbey] for the soul of Henry his son whose body is buried (sepelitur) in the church of Fyneshade in pure alms. Warranty by the said Alexander for himself and his heirs to the prior and convent etc

2. The second charter contains the confirmation of Reginald de Qappelode son of Alexander of this half a mark and a distraint clause according to the tenor of the above charter.

3. The third charter contains the donation of Matilda Basset made to the prior and convent of two cellars (celar’) in the said parish which she bought of Alexander dean of Staunford, in pure alms etc saving one halfpenny p.a. rent to the lord of the fee at the Sunday after Easter for all exactions etc

4. The fourth charter contains a lease (dimissionem) by the prior and convent made to Alfred le Grater of the aforesaid cellar in perpetuity rendering to the prior etc 5s p.a. at the four terms of the year saving to the chief lord of the fee all dues and customs. Lessee not to alienate the property without the consent of the prior; distraint clause.

5. The fifth charter contains the donation of Alexander son of Jordan chaplain of Stanford to Matilda Basset of two cellars and a vacant plot between the two cellars in the said parish rendering for divers fees to the prior of St Leonards half a penny on the Sunday after Easter for all services etc

917.2 fol 24-27 In the parish of All Saints

The first charter contains the donation of Ralph Chamberlain (Camerarii) of Hourton to the prior etc of a certain house (domum) in the parish of All Saints Stanford in pure alms etc free and quit of all services, aids and customs in the fair and outside of aletol, brewsterisyeld in pasture and meadows and all liberties and from all secular services and relief and langavel in the town of Staunford and outside; rendering annually to the chief lord of the fee 1 lb of cumin or three half pennies at his pleasure between quadragesima and Easter; clause excluding the reeve or bailiff of exacting any payments from the said houses.

2. Quitclaim by Isabella relict of Henry de Offinton to the prior etc of all rights which she had in the said houses

3. Letters of attorney to Ralph Chamberlain (Camerar’) to put the prior etc in seisin of the said houses

4. Donation by William de Humeth to William son of Wymund de Keten of the said house [sic] in the parish of All Saints Staunford with all liberties according to the tenor of the preceding charter

5. Lease (to Alexander le Seriaunt ins) to Robert Bursar (Bursario) of the said houses [sic] with the said liberties at fee farm which houses he bought of William Coyf

6. Obligation of Robert le Burser made to Alexander le Seriant to pay him 28s p.a.

7. Concession of Alexander le Seriaunt to Master John de Houton archdeacon of Northampton of all his rights in the said houses which he previously gave to Robert le Bourser at fee farm etc

8. Donation of the said Master John to Ralph de Houton his chamberlain (camerar’) of 28s p.a. from the issues of the said houses, and of all rights which he had in the said houses with the liberties as is contained in the above charters

9. Quitclaim by Robert le Bourser and Edusa his wife to Ralph chamberlain of all rights in the said houses

10. Donation of 3s 2½d which Richard Scoticus tailor (sutor) assigned to the prior etc from a certain house situated in the parish of All Saints which he held of the said prior etc at fee farm and which he sold (vendidit) to Agnes daughter of John Stikeling, to pay the said rent at the four terms of the year – i.e. 9½d at the feast of St John the Baptist, 10d at Michaelmas, 9½d at the Nativity and 9½d at Easter.

917.3 Parish of St Clement

1. Donation of William de Coventre to the prior etc of those houses situated in the parish of St Clement which Robert de Bernardishil held of him and the convent at 1d rent p.a. which Robert paid by custom for the said houses in pure alms etc

2. Confirmation by Alice daughter of William de Coventre to the prior etc of the houses and their liberties

3. Donation (by William de Coventre ins) to Robert de Bernardishil of one house next to the church of St Clement, rendering 1d p.a.

4. Remission by Hugh de Alverton to the prior etc of the suit of court demanded (exigebatur) from the said houses [sic]

5. Charter of William de Coventre has the same tenor of the above charters

6. Charter of the said William mentioning the said houses and another house next to his capital house which do not relate to us

917.4 Parish of St Peter

1. Donation of Peter de Castreton and Juliana his wife of a rent of 4s p.a. to take from the house which Symon Joleyn held of him in the parish of St Peter free of services etc saving to the chief lord of the fee of three half pennies for all customs

2. Quitclaim by Juliana wife of Peter de Castreton to the prior etc of all her rights in the said houses [sic] in the name of dowry

3. Obligation by Symon Joleyn to the prior etc to pay the said rent at the four terms of the year.

4. Charter of the said Symon and obligation to the said Peter for the said rent

917.5 Parish of St Michael the Greater

1. Donation of Henry Toft and Avisalasie his wife to the prior etc of a certain house situated in the parish of St Michael maioris between the house of Geoffrey de Thorn(h ins)awe and the house of Robert Godeman free of all services etc

2 and 3 are charters outside between mesne people which do not touch us

4. Concession by Geoffrey Tanner (Tannator) of Walberdestok’ to the prior etc that he can give easement (aysamentum) in the west gable adjacent to his house [the language here is obscure but there is a clause granting the customary indemnity against items falling from the gable]

5. Donation by Alan Mor to Henry his son of four shops (schopis) in Corwensty which were once of Walter de Reppingale, rendering to the chief lord of the fee 2d p.a. at Easter

6. Donation by Alan Mor to the prior etc of four shops in Corwensti in pyre alms etc, rendering to the chief lord of the fee as above.

7. Donation by Nicholas Messenger of the Earl of Cornwall (nuncii comitis Cornubie) to the prior etc of all that house which was once of Cok the Jew of Stanford situated in Colegate between the house of Michael Lane (de la Venele) and the houses of the said Cok the Jew free etc, rendering an annual rent to Dom Gilbert de Preston of 1d at Michaelmas for all services

8. Donation of Henry King of England to Nicholas Messenger of the Earl of Cornwall of the said houses [sic] in Colegate rendering to the chief lord of the fee all due services and customs

9. Licence of the said King to Nicholas that he can sell the said houses when he wishes

917.6 Parish of St George

1. Donation of Ralph de Stok chaplain to the prior etc of that house in the parish of St George situated between the house of Geoffrey de Thornhawe and the house of Henry Slye, rendering an annual rent to Richard Pecke etc of 4d at Easter and Michaelmas for all services etc

2. Quitclaim by Henry de Stokes to the prior etc

3. Donation by Richard Pecke to the said Ralph chaplain of the said house in the parish of St George

4. Obligation by Henry de Stokes to the prior etc to make a fine of the said house

917.7 With these charters is a certain final concord between Constantine prior and Henry de Staunford and Aviselisam his wife for one messuage c.p., namely that the said Henry and Aviselisam acknowledge the houses to belong to the prior. Warranty clause in pure alms and in perpetuity.

917.8 Cornstall and the croft and meadow outside the gate

1. Donation by Master Alexander son of Richard son of Selef de Staunford to the prior etc of all his croft of Subsmethil which he bought of John Walentru and his own house in pure alms, paying to Richard Pekk’ and his heirs one pair of gloves annually at Easter for the said croft and rendering to the chief lord of the fee for the said house the due services

2. Confirmation by Richard son of William de Birch of the gift and charter of Master Alexander de Staunford to the prior etc of that croft outside the gate of Scoftegate and of a rent of 12d which he used to take from the said croft and three messuages which William de Coventre gave to the prior etc in pure alms

3. Donation by Richard Pecke to Master Alexander of the croft subsmethil

4. “The fourth is of half of one meadow outside the west gate which does not concern us”.

918 BRITISH LIBRARY (additional deeds)

918.1 Add Ch 852 30 September 1378

Richard Berde of Little Weldon appoints Dom Richard Burgeys rector of Corby [?Northants?} and John Weston of Rokyngham to deliver seisin to William de … of Corby of lands in Little and Great Weldon, Stamford, Deen, and Kyrkeby Northants
Wodestok 30 Sep 2 Richard II

918.2 Add Ch 853 26 September 1378

Richard Berde of Little Weldon son of William Berde to William [name rubbed out in both deeds] of Corby of one messuage in Little Weldon, one messuage and tenements in Great Weldon and all lands and tenements in Stamford, Deen and Kirkeby, Northants
Witnesses: Dom William Beauchampe, Dom William Nevyle, Dom John Clanvowe knights, Thomas Bernolby, Reginald Hilton, Thomas Horton, John Stacy, William Cotyngham clerks, and Henry Norton, William Clifford, John Tendale, John Mulsho and William Smyth and others
Wodestok 26 Sep 2 Richard II

918.3 Add Ch 13561 6 July 1549

Simon Lowe citizen and tailor of London appoints William Kyng of London bocher, and Richard Nicolls yoman as his attorneys to receive from Thomas Holland senior of Spalding seisin of lands in Deeping St James called ‘le Cell de Thorneye’ or le Pryorye de Deeping St James and in the rectory of Deeping, lands in Markby, Deeping, East Deeping, West Deeping, Deeping Gate, Maxey, Nunton, Narborow, Northants, Stamford and Bourne
6 July 3 Edward VI 1549

918.4 Add Mss 39758 Cartulary of Peterborough

1. fol 67d account of foundation of priory of St Michael by Stamford for 40 nuns

2. fol 279 (modern); 251 old 1 May 1172
William de Humez of Stamford, Constable of the king confirmation to abbot Akarie of the liberties of the abbey in its properties
Feast of SS Philip and James 1172 at Stamford
Witnesses: Ralph son of Robert, Ralph de Meishendin, Peter de Humez, William Cruland, William de Maisnil, Edone Buculario, Hugh de Mara, Adam Hospite, Acard reeve, Geoffrey son of Chey..? and others.

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